Friday, April 17, 2009

Colon - Colostomy - Ostomy

Colostomy Facts

A colostomy indicates that the opening is from the colon. A colostomy is created when a portion of the colon or the rectum is removed and the remaining colon is brought to the abdominal wall. It may further be defined by the portion of the colon involved and/or its permanence. When the colostomy is in the left colon, only a pad may be needed to cover the opening. When the opening is in the right side of the colon, some type of appliance or bag is required. There are various types of colostomies. The physician and surgeon recommend the appropriate one for each patient.

Temporary Colostomy

Allows the lower portion of the colon to rest or heal. It may have one or two openings (if two, one will discharge only mucus).

Permanent Colostomy

Usually involves the loss of part of the colon, most commonly the rectum. The end of the remaining portion of the colon is brought out to the abdominal wall to form the stoma.

Sigmoid or Descending Colostomy
The most common type of Colostomy surgery, in which the end of the descending or sigmoid colon is brought to the surface of the abdomen. It is usually located on the lower left side of the abdomen.

Transverse Colostomy

The surgical opening created in the transverse colon resulting in one or two openings. It is located in the upper abdomen, middle or right side.

Ascending Colostomy

A relatively rare opening in the ascending portion of the colon. It is located on the right side of the abdomen.

1 comment:

  1. Colostomies are the physical sign that the patient has not been taught basic information about bowel management. That in turn is 100% the fault of the medical community. There is no excuse. Colostomies are the ultimate assault against an individual.